How well did our Fund perform in 2017?
The year 2017 was good for financial markets globally, with strong economic growth synchronising with good corporate profits.
Developing markets (also known as ’emerging markets’) such as Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa benefited from:
Emerging markets experienced very good investment returns for the year overall.
South Africa’s economy is facing substantial risk and obstacles to economic growth, such as:
Despite these specific risks, South Africa benefited from the view that emerging economies offer good investment value. 2017 was characterised by positive investment returns despite the fact that most of the year was challenging for South African investors.
However, political tensions, credit rating downgrades (plus the risk of further downgrades) and weak consumer and business confidence, among other factors, remain
ongoing concerns for the South African economy.
Why the fund follows a diversified investment strategy
This means that the Woolworths Group Retirement Fund is invested across different kinds of assets and, within each type of asset, across many different companies.
In December 2017, financial news headlines were dominated by the collapse of Steinhoff’s share price, following reports of accounting irregularities in the company’s complex structure and the subsequent resignation of Steinhoff’s CEO.
An event such as this naturally raises concerns for our members about their retirement savings, as Steinhoff is a large company in the South African market.
As a member of the Woolworths Group Retirement Fund, you can be assured that we follow a diversified investment strategy.
Effectively, the Fund’s investment strategy is to not put all its eggs in one basket, a key risk management strategy that protects your retirement savings from the full impact of a substantial fall in the price of any one investment instrument.
In this particular situation, the impact of the fall in Steinhoff’s share price on your retirement savings was not substantial. In fact, there were many other economic factors that had a bigger impact on the overall return of the Fund over this time, such as the positive effect of emerging market returns discussed earlier, as well as the strength of the rand compared to major currencies.
This is the Fund’s best practice strategy and is carefully designed to meet the risk-return objectives for the average member throughout their membership of the Fund.
The Life Stage Model is also used as the so-called ‘default’ investment strategy for members who prefer not to make an investment choice.
The above chart shows the performance of the three main portfolios that make up the Life Stage Model, compared to inflation for periods to 31 December 2017.
|HIGH GROWTH||GROWTH||MEDIUM GROWTH|
|Up to age 56||At age 57||At age 58|
The biggest proportion of the money in the Fund is invested in the Balanced Portfolio
This portfolio invests in
It delivered a return of 12.3% per year over the last five years.
|At age 59||At age 60||At age 61|
The De-risking Portfolio
is used to transition members’ investments as they approach retirement. It aims to deliver more stable, lower-risk returns during this period.
Over the past three years this portfolio’s return was 7.9% per year.
Over the past five years the return was 9.7% per year.
|From age 62 to 63|
The primary aim of the Final Year Portfolio is to prevent the loss of money. As we would expect, it has delivered the lowest return over the past three years. Members are invested in this portfolio for only the last year before their retirement.
Summary and Conclusion
This shows in the strengthening of the rand and the good performance of our investment markets in 2017. However, this masks the deep-rooted, structural economic issues in South Africa that will need to be addressed if we are to build a healthy economy.
In general, the world remains in a structurally low growth environment. Debt levels around the world are still worryingly high. South African consumers, in particular, have very high levels of debt and low levels of savings, which are not sustainable and difficult to reverse.
Policy reform as well as political uncertainty continues to have a negative impact on investor confidence in South African markets.
The combination of these different perspectives makes the South African investment markets unpredictable. Long-term investors, like members saving for retirement, need to be patient to reap the returns necessary to secure a comfortable retirement.